Clin Immunol. 2022 Oct 29;246:109168. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2022.109168. Online ahead of print.
Recent advances in adoptive cell therapy have considerably changed the paradigm of cancer immunotherapy. Although current immunotherapies could cure many patients with multiple myeloma (MM), relapsed/refractory MM (RR/MM) is still challenging in some cases. Natural killer (NK) cells are innate immune cells that exert effective cytotoxic activity against malignant cells like myeloma cells. In addition to their antitumor properties, NK cells do not induce graft versus host disease following transplantation. Therefore, they provide a promising approach to treating RR/MM patients. Currently, attempts have been made to produce large-scale and good manufacturing practices (GMP) of NK cells. Ex vivo expanded/activated NK cells derived from the own patient or allogenic donors are potential options for NK cell therapy in MM. Besides, novel cell-based products such as NK cell lines and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-NK cells may provide an off-the-shelf source for NK cell therapy. Here, we summarized NK cell activity in the MM microenvironment and focused on different NK cell therapy methods for MM patients.