Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2023 Sept 28;48(9):1403-1410. doi: 10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2023.220534.


Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal proliferative malignant tumor of plasma cells in bone marrow. With the aging of population in China, the incidence of MM is on the rise. Multiple myeloma bone disease (MBD) is one of the common clinical manifestations of MM, and 80%-90% of MM patients are accompanied by osteolytic lesions at the time of their first visit to the clinic. MBD not only increases the disability rate of patients, but also severely reduces the physical function of patients due to skeletal lesions and bone-related events. Currently available drugs for treating of MBD are ineffective and associated with side effects. Therefore, it is important to find new therapeutic approaches for the treatment of MBD. It is generally believed that the increased osteoclast activity and suppressed osteoblast function are the main pathologic mechanisms for MBD. However, more and more studies have suggested that soluble molecules in the bone marrow microenvironment, including cytokines, extracellular bodies, and metabolites, play an important role in the development of MBD. Therefore, exploring the occurrence and potential molecular mechanisms for MBD from multiple perspectives, and identifying the predictive biomarkers and potential therapeutic targets are of significance for the clinical treatment of MBD.

PMID:38044652 | DOI:10.11817/j.issn.1672-7347.2023.220534