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Clin Chem Lab Med. 2024 Jun 17. doi: 10.1515/cclm-2024-0306. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: Minimal residual disease (MRD) status in multiple myeloma (MM) is an important prognostic biomarker. Personalized blood-based targeted mass spectrometry detecting M-proteins (MS-MRD) was shown to provide a sensitive and minimally invasive alternative to MRD-assessment in bone marrow. However, MS-MRD still comprises of manual steps that hamper upscaling of MS-MRD testing. Here, we introduce a proof-of-concept for a novel workflow using data independent acquisition-parallel accumulation and serial fragmentation (dia-PASEF) and automated data processing.

METHODS: Using automated data processing of dia-PASEF measurements, we developed a workflow that identified unique targets from MM patient sera and personalized protein sequence databases. We generated patient-specific libraries linked to dia-PASEF methods and subsequently quantitated and reported M-protein concentrations in MM patient follow-up samples. Assay performance of parallel reaction monitoring (prm)-PASEF and dia-PASEF workflows were compared and we tested mixing patient intake sera for multiplexed target selection.

RESULTS: No significant differences were observed in lowest detectable concentration, linearity, and slope coefficient when comparing prm-PASEF and dia-PASEF measurements of serial dilutions of patient sera. To improve assay development times, we tested multiplexing patient intake sera for target selection which resulted in the selection of identical clonotypic peptides for both simplex and multiplex dia-PASEF. Furthermore, assay development times improved up to 25× when measuring multiplexed samples for peptide selection compared to simplex.

CONCLUSIONS: Dia-PASEF technology combined with automated data processing and multiplexed target selection facilitated the development of a faster MS-MRD workflow which benefits upscaling and is an important step towards the clinical implementation of MS-MRD.

PMID:38872409 | DOI:10.1515/cclm-2024-0306