Clin Exp Med. 2024 Apr 17;24(1):78. doi: 10.1007/s10238-024-01349-5.


Trace elements are essential micronutrients for the human body. Their roles are indispensable, as they are involved in a wide range of vital biological processes. In this study, we aimed to evaluate alterations in trace elements in the blood and bone marrow serum of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NMM). The levels of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), magnesium (Mg), selenium (Se), arsenic (As), boron (B), nickel (Ni), silicon (Si) and chromium (Cr) were analyzed in the venous blood samples of the patient group comprising 70 patients with NMM (41 males and 29 females) and compared to those in the control group comprising 30 individuals (18 males and 12 females). In addition, trace element levels were analyzed in bone marrow samples from the patient group. Blood and bone marrow serum levels were quantified using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. When the blood samples of the patient and control groups were compared: Zn (p = 0.011), Fe (p = 0.008), Mn (p = 0.046), Se (p < 0.001), As (p < 0.001), Ni (p < 0.001) and Cr (p < 0.001) levels were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group. Higher Zn, Fe, Mn, Se, As, Ni and Cr levels in the NMM patients suggest that alterations of trace elements could be predisposing factor that initiates the malignant process. The relationship between malignancies and trace elements is crucial for the development of adjuvant therapy strategies and preventive medicine and as biomarkers for cancer diagnosis. Therefore, there is a need for studies examining the relationship between hematological malignancies and trace elements.

PMID:38630209 | DOI:10.1007/s10238-024-01349-5