Int J Hematol. 2024 May 23. doi: 10.1007/s12185-024-03794-0. Online ahead of print.


Currently available chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-engineered T-cell therapies targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), namely, idecabtagene vicleucel and ciltacabtagene autoleucel, have shown marked efficacy against relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. However, further improvement in CAR-T-cell function is warranted as most patients treated with these products eventually relapse due to various mechanisms such as antigen loss and T-cell dysfunction or disappearance. Strategies for improving CAR-T-cell function include targeting of dual antigens, enhancing cell longevity through genetic modification, and eliminating the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Serious side effects can also occur after CAR-T-cell infusions. Although understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of cytokine release syndrome and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome is growing, the unique movement disorder caused by BCMA-targeted therapy is less understood, and its molecular mechanisms must be further elucidated to establish better management strategies. In this article, we will review the current status of BCMA-targeting CAR-T-cell therapy. We will also highlight progress in the development of CAR-T cells targeting other antigens, as well as universal allogeneic CAR-T cells and bispecific antibodies.

PMID:38777913 | DOI:10.1007/s12185-024-03794-0