Hematology. 2024 Dec;29(1):2320006. doi: 10.1080/16078454.2024.2320006. Epub 2024 Feb 26.


OBJECTIVES: The seroprevalence of antibodies against Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an established poor prognostic factor for patients receiving an allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, the impact of CMV serology on outcome after autologous stem cell transplantation remains unknown.

METHODS: Here, we analyzed the CMV immunoglobulin (Ig) serology of 446 newly-diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients of the GMMG-MM5 phase III trial with a median follow-up of 58 months.

RESULTS: CMV IgG and IgM positivity was seen in 51% and 6% of the patients, respectively. In multivariate analysis CMV IgG and CMV IgM serology show an age-depending effect for PFS. We identified positive CMV IgG/positive CMV IgM serology as an age-depending beneficial factor on PFS.

DISCUSSION: Younger patients with a positive CMV IgG/positive CMV IgM serology experienced a favorable effect on PFS, whereas a positive CMV IgG/positive CMV IgM serology at older age has a disadvantageous effect on PFS.

PMID:38407192 | DOI:10.1080/16078454.2024.2320006