J Med Chem. 2023 Nov 20. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.3c01271. Online ahead of print.
Novel C6-substituted pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine- and C2-substituted purine-based bisphosphonate (C6-PyraP-BP and C2-Pur-BP, respectively) inhibitors of the human geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase (hGGPPS) were designed and evaluated for their ability to block the proliferation of multiple myeloma (MM), pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine analogs were identified that induce selective intracellular target engagement leading to apoptosis and downregulate the prenylation of Rap-1A in MM, PDAC, and CRC cells. The C6-PyraP-BP inhibitor RB-07-16 was found to exhibit antitumor efficacy in xenograft mouse models of MM and PDAC, significantly reducing tumor growth without substantially increasing liver enzymes or causing significant histopathologic damage, usually associated with hepatotoxicity. RB-07-16 is a metabolically stable compound in cross-species liver microsomes, does not inhibit key CYP 450 enzymes, and exhibits good systemic circulation in rat. Collectively, the current studies provide encouraging support for further optimization of the pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-based GGPPS inhibitors as potential human therapeutics for various cancers.