Clin Chem Lab Med. 2024 Apr 18. doi: 10.1515/cclm-2024-0416. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the HYDRASHIFT assay’s effectiveness in mitigating daratumumab interference on serum protein tests during multiple myeloma (MM) treatment, aiming to ensure an accurate assessment of treatment response.

METHODS: We analyzed 113 serum samples from 68 MM patients undergoing daratumumab treatment, employing both standard IF and the HYDRASHIFT assay. The assay’s precision was determined through intra-day and inter-day variability assessments, while its specificity was verified using serum samples devoid of daratumumab. Comparative analysis of IF results, before and after the application of the HYDRASHIFT assay, facilitated the categorization of treatment responses in alignment with the International Myeloma Working Group’s response criteria.

RESULTS: The precision underscored the assay’s consistent repeatability and reproducibility, successfully eliminating interference of daratumumab-induced Gκ bands. Specificity assessments demonstrated the assay’s capability to distinguish daratumumab from both isatuximab and naturally occurring M-proteins. Of the analyzed cases, 91 exhibited successful migration of daratumumab-induced Gκ bands, thereby enhancing the accuracy of treatment response classification. The remaining 22 cases did not show a visible migration complex, likely due to the low concentration of daratumumab in the serum. These findings underscore the assay’s critical role in distinguishing daratumumab from endogenous M-protein, particularly in samples with a single Gκ band on standard IF, where daratumumab and endogenous M-protein had co-migrated.

CONCLUSIONS: The HYDRASHIFT assay demonstrates high precision, specificity, and utility in the accurate monitoring of treatment responses in MM patients receiving daratumumab. This assay represents a significant advancement in overcoming the diagnostic challenges posed by daratumumab interference.

PMID:38630027 | DOI:10.1515/cclm-2024-0416