Curr Oncol. 2023 Apr 29;30(5):4603-4617. doi: 10.3390/curroncol30050348.


Multiple myeloma (MM) is malignant disease characterized by the clonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow, leading to anemia, immunosuppression, and other symptoms, that is generally hard to treat. In MM, the immune system is likely exposed to neoplasia-associated neoantigens for several years before the tumor onset. Different types of neoantigens have been identified. Public or shared neoantigens derive from tumor-specific modifications often reported in several patients or across diverse tumors. They are intriguing therapeutic targets because they are frequently observed, and they have an oncogenic effect. Only a small number of public neoantigens have been recognized. Most of the neoantigens that have been identified are patient-specific or “private”, necessitating a personalized approach for adaptive cell treatment. It was demonstrated that the targeting of a single greatly immunogenic neoantigen may be appropriate for tumor control. The purpose of this review was to analyze the neoantigens present in patients with MM, and to evaluate the possibility of using their presence as a prognostic factor or as a therapeutic target. We reviewed the most recent literature on neoantigen treatment strategies and on the use of bispecific, trispecific, and conjugated antibodies for the treatment of MM. Finally, a section was dedicated to the use of CAR-T in relapsed and refractory patients.

PMID:37232806 | DOI:10.3390/curroncol30050348