Clin Transl Sci. 2024 May;17(5):e13828. doi: 10.1111/cts.13828.


As a treatment for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM), carfilzomib has been associated with a significant risk of cardiovascular adverse events (CVAE). The goals of our study were to evaluate the metabolomic profile of MM patients to identify those at high risk prior to carfilzomib treatment and to explore the mechanisms of carfilzomib-CVAE to inform potential strategies to protect patients from this cardiotoxicity. Global metabolomic profiling was performed on the baseline and post-baseline plasma samples of 60 MM patients treated with carfilzomib-based therapy, including 31 who experienced CVAE, in a prospective cohort study. Baseline metabolites and post-baseline/baseline metabolite ratios that differ between the CVAE and no-CVAE patients were identified using unadjusted and adjusted methods. A baseline metabolomic risk score was created to stratify patients. We observed a lower abundance of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (T-UDCA) in CVAE patients at baseline (odds ratio [OR] = 0.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.21-0.94, p = 0.044) compared with the no-CVAE patients. A metabolite risk score was able to stratify patients into three risk groups. The area under the receiver-operating curve of the model with clinical predictors and metabolite risk score was 0.93. Glycochenodeoxycholic acid (OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.31-0.87, p = 0.023) was significantly lower in post-baseline/baseline ratios of CVAE patients compared with no-CVAE patients. Following metabolomic analysis, we created a baseline metabolite risk score that can stratify MM patients into different risk groups. The result also provided intriguing clues about the mechanism of carfilzomib-CVAE and potential cardioprotective strategies.

PMID:38783568 | DOI:10.1111/cts.13828