Cells. 2024 May 16;13(10):853. doi: 10.3390/cells13100853.


Upfront high-dose therapy with melphalan (HDM) followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has established itself as a core treatment for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients in the past 30 years. Induction therapy, HDM-ASCT, and subsequent consolidation and maintenance therapy comprise the current fundamental framework for MM treatment. The introduction of anti-CD38 monoclonal antibodies such as daratumumab and isatuximab has changed the treatment paradigm for transplant-eligible NDMM patients in that quadruplets have become the new standard induction therapy. The treatment landscape of MM is undergoing a transformative shift with the introduction of potent new immunotherapies, such as chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells and bispecific antibodies (BsAbs), which are currently used in the relapsed/refractory setting (RRMM) and are already being tested in the NDMM. This review will focus on the incorporation of immunotherapy in the treatment scenario of NDMM patients eligible for ASCT.

PMID:38786075 | DOI:10.3390/cells13100853