Br J Haematol. 2023 Jun 7. doi: 10.1111/bjh.18909. Online ahead of print.
Chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR T) cell and bispecific antibody therapies have shown unprecedented efficacy in heavily pretreated patients with multiple myeloma (MM). However, their use is associated with a significant risk of severe infections, which can be attributed to various factors such as hypogammaglobulinemia, neutropenia, lymphopenia, T-cell exhaustion, cytokine-release syndrome and immune-effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome. As these therapies have been recently approved by regulatory agencies, it is crucial to establish practical guidelines for infection monitoring and prevention until robust data from prospective clinical trials become available. To address this issue, a panel of experienced investigators from the Academic Consortium to Overcome Multiple Myeloma through Innovative Trials (COMMIT) developed consensus recommendations for mitigating infections associated with CAR T-cell and bispecific antibody therapies in MM patients.