Hematology. 2024 Dec;29(1):2311600. doi: 10.1080/16078454.2024.2311600. Epub 2024 Feb 8.


OBJECTIVE: Cast nephropathy (CN) is the leading cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) in multiple myeloma (MM). Since it is sparsely documented why some patients with CN do achieve a renal response while others do not, we describe a single-center cohort of patients with multiple myeloma and biopsy-confirmed CN to evaluate potential markers of renal response.

METHODS: The data was collected as a retrospective, single-center analysis of CN-patients treated at the Medical University Vienna between 01/01/2004 and 01/01/2022. Baseline parameters and clinical outcome was compared between renal responders and non-responders.

RESULTS: Among 28 patients with CN, n = 23 were assessed for renal response (14 responders; 9 non-responders). Renal responders were younger (median age: 61 years; 77 years, p = 0.039), showed higher overall survival (153months; 58months, p = 0.044) and achieved hematologic response (≥PR) to first-line therapy (p = 0.029), and complete hematologic response (CR) at any time (p = 0.025) significantly more often. Further, we could show that rapid initiation of anti-myeloma therapy after initial presentation correlated significantly with renal response (median 9 days; 27 days, p = 0.016). Analyses of kidney biopsy specimens revealed that patients with a high IF/TA score showed end stage renal disease (dialysis ≥ 3 months) significantly more often (p = <0.001).

DISCUSSION: In summary, our data suggests, that a rapid start with systemic hematologic treatment in patients with MM and CN is crucial and achieving an early hematologic response is important for renal recovery. Moreover, achieving a deep hematologic response and subsequent renal recovery improves clinical outcome as reflected by an overall survival benefit.

PMID:38329272 | DOI:10.1080/16078454.2024.2311600