Cell Cycle. 2023 May 25:1-16. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2023.2213926. Online ahead of print.


Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common hematologic malignancy, which primarily occurs in the elderly. Cellular senescence is considered to be closely associated with the occurrence and progression of malignant tumors including MM, and lncRNA can mediate the process of cellular senescence by regulating key signaling pathways such as p53/p21 and p16/RB. However, the role of cellular senescence related lncRNAs (CSRLs) in MM development has never been reported. Herein, we identified 11 CSRLs (AC004918.5, AC103858.1, AC245100.4, ACBD3-AS1, AL441992.2, ATP2A1-AS1, CCDC18-AS1, LINC00996, TMEM161B-AS1, RP11-706O15.1, and SMURF2P1) to build the CSRLs risk model, which was confirmed to be highly associated with overall survival (OS) of MM patients. We further demonstrated the strong prognostic value of the risk model in MM patients receiving different regimens, especially for those with three-drug combination of bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (VRd) as first-line therapy. Not only that, our risk model also excels in predicting the OS of MM patients at 1, 2, and 3 years. In order to verify the function of these CSRLs in MM, we selected the lncRNA ATP2A1-AS1 which presented the largest expression difference between high-risk groups and low-risk groups for subsequent analysis and validation. Finally, we found that down-regulation of ATP2A1-AS1 can promote cellular senescence in MM cell lines. In conclusion, the CSRLs risk model established in present study provides a novel and more accurate method for predicting MM patients’ prognosis and identifies a new target for MM therapeutic intervention.

PMID:37227248 | DOI:10.1080/15384101.2023.2213926