Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2021 Jun;29(3):781-786. doi: 10.19746/j.cnki.issn.1009-2137.2021.03.020.
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score on the prognosis of newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma (MM).
METHODS: The clinical data 119 patients with MM who were diagnosed according to the international myeloma diagnostic criteria in Lanzhou University Second Hospital from April 2010 to October 2018 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. The relationship between clinical indexes, including age, sex, MM type, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute monocyte count (AMC), hemoglobin (Hb), platelet (PLT), β2-microglobulin (β2-MG), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), albumin (ALB), globulin (GLO), cholesterol (CHO), serum creatinine (Scr), etc, and CONUT score was discussed to explore the prognostic value of these indicators. SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Progression-free survival(PFS) and overall survival (OS) between different subgroups were calculated by Kaplan-Meier curves and difference between survival curves was detected by Log-rank tests. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to estimate the most discriminative cutoff value of CONUT score for predicting OS. Mann-Whitney U test was used for non-parametric samples, and chi-square test for categorical variables. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed by using COX proportional hazards model to identify factors associated with OS.
RESULTS: Compared with high-scoring group, low-scoring group had a better OS ［median OS was 43.3 months and 127.67 months, respectively, 95% confidence interval (CI): 57.065-78.345, P=0.038］. At the same time, the low-scoring group also had higher level of ALC, ANC, AMC, Hb, PLT, ALB, and CHO but lower of GLO. Multivariate survival analysis showed that age (HR=1.027, 95%CI: 1.000-1.054, P=0.048), AMC (HR=11.284, 95%CI: 22.968-42.897, P<0.001), CONUT score (HR=1.198, 95%CI: 1.036-1.385, P=0.015), M protein (non-IgG/IgG type) type (HR=0.503, 95%CI: 0.259-0.977, P=0.043) were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MM patients.
CONCLUSION: The CONUT score as an immune-nutrition score is a convenient and easy-to-obtain index to effectively predict the prognosis of MM patients.